The Civil Rights Movement
Civil Rights Movement
The Civil Rights Movement Info
Civil Rights Movement 1950's
Civil Rights Movement 1960's
Text: I Have a Dream
slavery and the Civil War
Plessy v. Ferguson was a landmark 1896 U.S. Supreme Court decision that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation under the
“separate but equal” doctrine.
The 13th amendment was passed at the end of the Civil War before the Southern states had been restored to the Union and should have easily passed the Congress. Although the Senate passed it in April 1864, the House did not. At that point, Lincoln took an active role to ensure passage through congress. He insisted that passage of the 13th amendment be added to the Republican Party platform for the upcoming Presidential elections. His efforts met with success when the House passed the bill in January 1865 with a vote of 119–56.
With the adoption of the 13th amendment, the United States found a final constitutional solution to the issue of slavery. The 13th amendment, along with the 14th and 15th, is one of the trio of Civil War amendments that greatly expanded the civil rights of Americans.
14th Amendment (1871) is an amendment to the United States Constitution that was adopted in 1868. It granted citizenship and equal civil and legal rights to African Americans and enslaved people who had been emancipated after the American Civil War.
15th amendment (1870)reads , “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” The 15th Amendment guaranteed African-American men the right to vote.
Jim Crow Laws
Brown vs. Board of Education (1954) outlaws segregation in schools
Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
boycott / sit-ins
class stratification (rich & poor)
Malcom X "by any means necessary"
Amendments to the Constitution